Describe how patients in your setting are screened for intimate partner violence
Describe how patients in your setting are screened for intimate partner violence; child abuse and neglect; and elder abuse and neglect? What behaviors or physical findings lead you to suspect abuse? What is the RN’s responsibility in reporting abuse and how? Response should be 3-4 well developed paragraphs with references
Patient screening for intimate partner violence (IPV), child abuse and neglect, and elder abuse and neglect is a critical component of providing comprehensive health care. In many settings, registered nurses (RNs) are often the first healthcare professionals to come into contact with patients who may have experienced abuse or neglect.
For IPV, patients may be screened through the use of standardized questionnaires, such as the Domestic Violence Screening Tool (DVST), or by asking direct questions about the presence of physical or emotional abuse in the patient’s relationship. Physical findings, such as bruises, lacerations, or burns, can also indicate potential abuse.
For child and elder abuse and neglect, the RN may look for signs of physical abuse, such as bruises, fractures, or burns, or signs of neglect, such as malnutrition or dehydration. It’s also important to note any changes in the patient’s behavior or emotional state, as well as changes in their living environment, as they may indicate abuse or neglect.
In all cases, it is the responsibility of the RN to report any suspected abuse or neglect to the appropriate authorities, such as child protective services or adult protective services, following their employer’s policies and procedures and local, state, and federal laws. RNs are also responsible for ensuring that the patient is safe and providing appropriate referrals and resources, such as a crisis hotline or counseling services.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Intimate partner violence.
Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2021). What is child abuse and neglect?
National Institute on Aging. (2021). Elder abuse.