Diabetes and Drug Treatments
Diabetes and Medication

Diabetes impairs glucose regulation in the body. Types include Type 1 and Type 2, as well as juvenile and gestational diabetes. According to Dyson et al. (2018), type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce insulin or secretes very little insulin to regulate glucose levels. Although the condition can occur at any age, it most commonly affects children, teenagers, and young adults. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the organs are unable to effectively utilize insulin and the pancreas fails to compensate with adequate insulin secretion (Reusch & Manson, 2017). Gestational diabetes is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels in pregnant women only during the gestation period. Type 2 diabetes was chosen as the condition. Metformin is used to treat the condition. Patients can reduce side effects by eating before taking the medication. They can also gradually increase their dosage to the prescribed dose. The medication is taken by swallowing the tablet with water. To reduce the negative effects, it should be taken with meals. Dietary considerations for type 2 diabetes, according to Dyson et al. (2018), include eating complex carbohydrates such as whole wheat and avoiding processed carbohydrates such as pastries and white bread. Hypoglycemia, which occurs when blood glucose levels are low, is one of the short-term complications. A hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome, which occurs when blood sugar levels are extremely high, is another short-term effect (Dyson et al., 2018). Long-term consequences include macrovascular complications such as partial vision loss, kidney problems, nerve damage, heart attack, and stroke (Reusch & Manson, 2017). High blood sugar levels, for example, can cause cataracts or retinopathy, resulting in partial blindness. The drug treatment may result in side effects such as stomach upset, weight gain, metallic taste, and diarrhea. – Best Dissertation Writing Services UK
C. A. Chrvala, D. Sherr, and R. D. Lipman (2016). Diabetes self-management education for adults with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review of the impact on glycemic control 926-943 in Patient Education and Counseling.
P. A. Dyson, D. Twenefour, C. Breen, A. Duncan, E. Elvin, L. Goff,… and D. Mellor (2018). Diabetes UK evidencebased nutrition guidelines for diabetes prevention and management. Diabetes Care, 35(5), 541-547.
J. E. Reusch and J. E. Manson (2017). Type 2 diabetes management in 2017: Getting there. Jama, 317(10), 1015-1016.